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Footnotes & Sources


The background and pro and con arguments were written by ProCon.org staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
Footnotes:
  1. The History Place, "Impeachment: Bill Clinton," historyplace.com (accessed Oct. 1, 2010)

  2. Clinton Administration White House website, "Clinton-Gore Administration Accomplishments: 1993-2001," clinton5.nara.gov (accessed Oct. 1, 2010)

  3. History Channel, "President Clinton Impeached," history.com (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

  4. Ruth Marcus, "Trial Guide: Frequently Asked Questions," washingtonpost.com, Jan. 16, 1999

  5. Ben Adler, "Why Is Bill Clinton So Much More Popular Than Barack Obama?," newsweek.com, Sep. 29, 2010

  6. Priscilla Painton, "Clinton's Spiritual Journey," time.com, Apr. 5, 1993

  7. Betty Glad, "Evaluating Presidential Character," Presidential Studies Quarterly, 1998

  8. Clinton Administration White House website, "The Clinton Presidency: Lowest Crime Rates in a Generation," clinton5.nara.gov (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

  9. Steven J. Nider, "Clinton's Military Legacy," Blueprint Magazine, Progressive Policy Institute website, June 30, 2003

  10. Michael O'Hanlan, "Clinton's Strong Defense Legacy," Foreign Affairs, Nov./Dec. 2003

  11. Alison Fitzgerald, "Snow, Praising Bush on Budget, Calls Clinton's Surplus 'Mirage,'" Bloomberg.com, Dec. 21, 2005

  12. New York State Education Department, "Federal Education Policy and the States, 1945-2009," nysed.gov, Jan. 2006

  13. Cat Lazaroff, "Sun Sets on President Clinton's Environmental Legacy," Environmental New Services, Jan. 19, 2001

  14. BBC News, "Clinton: His Role in Northern Ireland," news.bbc.co.uk, Dec. 11, 2000

  15. Stephen M. Walt, "Two Cheers for Clinton's Foreign Policy," Foreign Affairs, Mar./Apr. 2000

  16. Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, "American President: Bill Clinton: Foreign Affairs," millercenter.org (accessed Oct. 4, 2010)

  17. US Department of Health and Human Services, "Clinton Administration Record on HIV/AIDS," thebody.com, June 5, 2000

  18. Antoinette Parisi Eaton, "Early Postpartum Discharge: Recommendations from a Preliminary Report to Congress," Pediatrics, Feb. 2001

  19. Boeing, "Defense, Space & Security: International Space Station," boeing.com (accessed Sep. 29, 2010)

  20. Michael Marriott "Digital Divide Closing as Blacks Turn to Internet," New York Times, Mar. 31, 2006

  21. Dan Froomkin "Welfare’s Changing Face," Washington Post, July 23, 1998

  22. Bill Clinton "How We Ended Welfare, Together," New York Times, Aug. 22, 2006

  23. Alan J. Auerbach and William G. Gale "The Case Against Tax Cuts," Brookings Institution, Mar. 1999

  24. Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, "American President: Bill Clinton: Domestic Affairs," millercenter.org (accessed Oct. 4, 2010)

  25. Robert Reich, "Why We Really Shouldn't Keep the Bush Tax Cut for the Wealthy," talkingpointsmemo.com, Aug. 2, 2010

  26. Jodie T. Allen, "The Biggest Tax Increase in History," Slate.com, Aug. 16, 1996

  27. Michael Grunwald, "A Combative Clinton Defends Record on Fighting Terrorism," Washington Post, Sep. 24, 2006

  28. ProCon.org Staff

  29. Justice Policy Institute, "Too Little Too Late: President Clinton's Prison Legacy," justicepolicy.org, Feb. 2001

  30. Stephen Moore, "Testimony before the Subcommittee on Social Security, Committee on Ways and Means, United States House of Representatives," Cato.org, Feb. 14, 1995

  31. Daniel Griswold, "Who Gets Credit for America's Great Economy?," CATO Institute website, Aug. 17, 2000

  32. David Weidner, "Did Clinton Cause the Banking Crisis?," MSN Money, June 26, 2009

  33. NewsMax, "Environmentalists Run Hot and Cold on Clinton Environmental Record," NewsMax.com, Jan. 4, 2001

  34. Reuters, "Jobs and Pollution Are on the NAFTA Agenda," LATimes.com, Mar. 16, 1993

  35. Susan Elderkin, "What a Difference a Year Makes," High Country News, Sep. 2, 1996

  36. Foreign Policy Editors, "Think Again: Clinton’s Foreign Policy," Foreign Policy, Nov. 1, 2000

  37. PBS Frontline, "The Clinton Years: Promise/Defeat," pbs.org, Jan. 16, 2001

  38. PBS Online NewsHour, "A Detailed Timeline of the Healthcare Debate Portrayed in 'The System,'" pbs.org (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

  39. Jeff Johnson "Democrats Wrong: Only Clinton Cut NASA's Budget," CNSNews.com, Feb. 4, 2003

  40. Michael D. Tanner, "Clinton Wanted Social Security Privatized," CATO Institute website, July 13, 2001

  41. Tricia McDermott, "Bill Clinton: His Life," CBS 60 Minutes website, June 20, 2004

  42. Jodie T. Allen, "The Biggest Tax Increase in History," Slate.com, Aug. 16, 1996

  43. J. D. Foster, "Tax Cuts, Not the Clinton Tax Hike, Produced the 1990s Boom," Heritage Foundation website, Mar. 4, 2008

  44. Stephen Moore, "Why Is Bill Clinton Cultivating Envy?," CATO Institute website, July 31, 1997

  45. New York Times Editors, "Assessing the Blame for 9/11," New York Times, Mar. 25, 2004

  46. Lisa Myers, "Osama bin Laden: Missed Opportunities," NBC News website, Mar. 17, 2004

  47. Michael S. James, "Timeline: President Bill Clinton Through the Years," ABC News website, Feb. 11, 2010

  48. New York Times "Bill Clinton," nytimes.com, Feb. 12, 2010

  49. Nigel Hamilton, Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency, 2008

  50. PBS American Experience, "The Presidents: William Jefferson Clinton," pbs.org (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

  51. Jonathan Obelander, "Learning from Failure in Health Care Reform," New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 25, 2007

  52. Kevin Hassett, "Clinton Myth Spins Obama Toward Midterm Massacre," Bloomberg.com, Mar. 14, 2010

  53. Ed Hornick, "Will Obama's Health Care Plan Mirror the 1994 Clinton Failure?," CNN.com, July 22, 2009

  54. Louis Uchitelle, "NAFTA and Jobs: In a Numbers War, No One Can Count," New York Times, Nov. 14, 1993

  55. History Channel, "NAFTA Signed Into Law," History.com (accessed Sep. 23, 2010)

  56. Ed Payne, "15 Years Later, Victims, Residents Remember Oklahoma City Bombing," CNN.com, Apr. 19, 2010

  57. CNN, "Gingrich Comment on Shutdown Labeled 'Bizarre' by White House," CNN.com, Nov. 16, 1995

  58. Steve Kornacki, "Republicans Flunk Government Shutdown History," Salon.com, Sep. 8, 2010

  59. John Woolley and Gerhard Peters, "The American Presidency Project," presidency.ucsb.edu (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

  60. White House, "William J. Clinton," whitehouse.gov (accessed Sep. 20, 2010)

  61. PBS Frontline, "Chronology: From Hope, Arkansas to the White House," pbs.org, Jan. 16, 2001

  62. Bill Clinton, "Statement on Signing the Balanced Budget Act of 1997," presidency.ucsb.edu, Aug. 5, 1997

  63. Dan Froomkin, "Case Closed," Washington Post, Dec. 3, 1998

  64. Bill Clinton, "Statement on His Testimony Before the Grand Jury (August 17, 1998)," millercenter.org (accessed Oct. 4, 2010)

  65. PBS Online NewsHour, "The Impeachment Trial," pbs.org (accessed Oct. 14, 2010)

  66. PBS Frontline, "The Clinton Years: Post Impeachment," pbs.org, Jan. 16, 2001

  67. PBS Frontline, "Shattered Dreams of Peace," pbs.org (accessed Oct. 14, 2010)

  68. CBS News, "Whitewater: Case Closed," cbsnews.com, Sep. 20, 2000

  69. William Jefferson Clinton, "My Reasons for the Pardons," New York Times, Feb. 18, 2001

  70. Richard L. Berke, "The Clinton Pardons: The Democrats; This Time, Clintons Find Their Support Buckling From Weight of New Woes," New York Times, Feb. 23, 2001

  71. Lydia Saad, "Bush Presidency Closes With 34% Approval, 61% Disapproval," Gallup.com, Jan. 14, 2009

  72. CBS News, "Bush's Final Approval Rating: 22 Percent," cbsnews.com, Jan. 16, 2009

  73. Donald T. Phillips, The Clinton Charisma: A Legacy of Leadership, 2008

  74. NBC News and Wall Street Journal, "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey," (135 KB) msnbc.com, Sep. 28, 2010

  75. Thomas M. Defrank, "Bill Clinton Backs Barack Obama with Relentless Campaigning & Praise for the President," New York Daily News, Nov. 2, 2012

  76. Robert Yoon, "First on CNN: Bill Clinton's $106 Million Speech Circuit Windfall," CNN.com, May 23, 2013